Sexual & reproductive health

Overview

Access to sexual and reproductive health - including family planning and maternal health - for all women and young people is a human right and critical to saving lives, advancing development and promoting gender equality. It is at the core of sustainable development.

Overview

Access to sexual and reproductive health - including family planning and maternal health - for all women and young people is a human right and critical to saving lives, advancing development and promoting gender equality. It is at the core of sustainable development.

The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo affirmed that everyone has the right to enjoy sexual and reproductive health and called upon countries to achieve universal access to sexual and reproductive health services. This includes voluntary family planning, safe motherhood, skilled birth attendance and prevention of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.

Viet Nam has made substantial progress in strengthening safe motherhood and newborn health services. However, while the national average is improved, there are still a big geographical gap between the river deltas and mountainous areas, with higher maternal mortality ratios in remote and ethnic minority areas. Of the 23 million women in Viet Nam between the age of 15-49, nearly 80% use some form of contraception. However, the contraceptive needs of more than one-third of unmarried women are currently not being met. This unmet need is particularly high among ethnic minority women and female migrant workers. As a result, a significant number of unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortions happen every year.

UNFPA’s Response

  • UNFPA collaborates with many different partners to ensure universal access to an integrated package of quality sexual and reproductive health information and services.
  • UNFPA also supports the government to develop and implement human rights centered policies and programmes that promote access and utilization sexual and reproductive health/ family planning information services for vulnerable populations.
  • UNFPA focuses on the most disadvantaged, including migrants, ethnic minorities and people living in hard-to-reach areas. We help find cost-effective solutions to promote safe motherhood for scaling up nationwide so that all women can benefit from safe motherhood services.