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Fertility is a significant factor affecting population size and structure. It both influences and reflects the country’s socio-economic development. For this reason, fertility-related indicators always attract the attention of policy makers, managers and researchers. This summary provides the main findings of fertility in Viet Nam and proposes recommendations related to the level of fertility based on the data collected from the Population and Housing Census conducted in the years 1989, 1999, 2009 and 2019.