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INTER-MINISTERIAL CALL TO ACTION (DECLARATION) TO END SON PREFEENCE AND GENDER BIASED SEX SELECTION

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This factsheet presents key highlights of recent trends in imbalances of sex ratios at birth, based on an analysis of data from the 2019 Population and Housing Census. It presents SRB differentials per geographical location and population group, and includes population forecasts based on different SRB scenarios. And it is concluded with policy recommendations.

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This factsheet provides key findings on internal migration in Viet Nam based on the data analysis from the Population and Housing Census 2019. The factsheet also provides some policy recommendations that aim to take advantage of the benefits of migration for socioeconomic development in Viet Nam, as well as ensuring migrants’ rights to access basic social services in destination areas.

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Fertility is a significant factor affecting population size and structure. It both influences and reflects the country’s socio-economic development. For this reason, fertility-related indicators always attract the attention of policy makers, managers and researchers. This summary provides the main findings of fertility in Viet Nam and proposes recommendations related to the level of fertility based on the data collected from the Population and Housing Census conducted in the years 1989, 1999, 2009 and 2019.

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The 2009 Population and Housing Census of Viet Nam was implemented according to Prime Ministerial Decision N0. 94/2008/QD-TTg dated 10 July, 2008. The purpose of the Census is to collect basic data on population and housing for the entire territory of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and those Vietnamese citizens who were given to travel overseas and still within the authorized period. Sample data of the Census were published in December 2009. Completed results of the Census were disseminated in July 2010. In order to systematize and document the 2009 Population and Housing Census’s information and results, a data warehouse of the Census has been built to provide the most advantageous tool of referring to information of this Viet Nam Census.

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The 2019 Population and Housing Census data page provides basic information on Vietnam's population and housing, stratified by geographic region and sex, including the following indicators: size and population structure, marriage, fertility, mortality, migration and urbanization, education, employment, and living conditions of the household. These information are compiled from the results of the 2019 Population and Housing Census at 0:00 on April 1, 2019. In addition to the access to the indicators designed in the form of charts, visual images, the user can download data tables for analysis, research and prediction purposes.

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The monograph on “Sex imbalances at birth in Viet Nam: Trends, Variations, and Determinants”, developed using the data from the 2019 and 2009 Population and Housing Censuses and from other sources, was a continuation to previous analyses conducted on sex imbalances at birth in Viet Nam.

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The monograph on “Migration and urbanization in Viet Nam: Situation, trend and differences” is built on the extraction of the sample census data of the 2019 Population and Housing Census as well as the previous censuses. The results of the analysis show that the trend of migration in the last five years has decreased compared to three decades ago. However, the analytical results also continue to confirm evidence collected from previous studies that there is a great contribution of migration into urban areas, especially large cities. Based on the analysis of migration trends, basic characteristics of migrants, their economic activities and their living conditions as well as the impact of migration on urbanization, the monograph also provides development policy suggestions that emphasize the need to pay more attention to migration and urbanization to ensure these activities will contribute best to growth and socioeconomic development in Viet Nam.

 

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The review report focused on the assessment of the Law’s consistency in relation to international human rights standards and other Vietnamese laws and the effectiveness of the implementation of the Law efforts by duty bearers since it came into effect from 2007 to 2019. It focused on identifying key gaps to inform the revision of the Law and ensure better implementation and provided recommendations for the Law amendment and supplementation.

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In 2019, Viet Nam conducted its second National Study using the adapted WHO Multi-country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence against Women, which was also used in the 2010 study. The results allow Viet Nam to understand what has changed and what has not changed, and what needs to be in place for further change and progress.

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