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The monograph on “Migration and urbanization in Viet Nam: Situation, trend and differences” is built on the extraction of the sample census data of the 2019 Population and Housing Census as well as the previous censuses. The results of the analysis show that the trend of migration in the last five years has decreased compared to three decades ago. However, the analytical results also continue to confirm evidence collected from previous studies that there is a great contribution of migration into urban areas, especially large cities. Based on the analysis of migration trends, basic characteristics of migrants, their economic activities and their living conditions as well as the impact of migration on urbanization, the monograph also provides development policy suggestions that emphasize the need to pay more attention to migration and urbanization to ensure these activities will contribute best to growth and socioeconomic development in Viet Nam.