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This report emphasizes how human rights norms and principles can be used in every stage of policy development and implementation toward strengthening the Viet Nam’s population law and related policies in its new demographic context to ensure continued and sustainable success. The key message of this report is that developing a robust legal framework that integrates population policy goals, international human rights norms, and effective development policy is a potential area of leadership for Viet Nam. Viet Nam’s development of human rights-based population law, related policies and programmes will help the country address the range of its demographic concerns, improving the lives of all people.

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This factsheet presents key highlights of fertility changes in Viet Nam based on an analysis of sample data drawn from the Viet Nam Population and Housing Censuses conducted in 1989, 1999, 2009, as well as the Intercensal Population and Housing Survey (IPS) 2014. The factsheet also includes some policy implications and recommendations for the development of appropriate policies in relation to fertility in Viet Nam.

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This executive summary provides key updated information and findings related to the impacts on Viet Nam’s economy of changes in the population age structure, and a number of policy recommendations on how to extend the period of the country’s demographic dividend, thereby contributing to the country’s economic growth. The information and findings presented are drawn from the updated version (2016) of a previously conducted research (in 2015) by the Viet Nam Institute for Development Strategies (VIDS) under the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI). The updated research uses the National Transfer Accounts (NTA) and 2014 data.

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This monograph was developed based on data from the 1/4/2014 Intercensal Population and Housing Survey in order to provide readers with the most up-to-date information about migration and urbanization in Viet Nam.

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This report presents the methodology, principles, and assumptions used to prepare the population projections for the period 2014-2049, including the projected population for the whole country, for the urban and rural populations, and for populations of 63 provinces and cities.

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This monograph has been constructed using data from the IPS-2014 and three previous national censuses in order to deliver updated information on this topic in Viet nam and to provide detailed and systematic analysis on some basic indicators of fertility in Viet Nam for the last 25 years.

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Results from the data analysis show that the age-sex structure of the population in Viet Nam is typical for the period of transition from high to low mortality and fertility. The analysis provides evidence related to important demographic issues such as the “demographic window of opportunity”, population ageing, youth, single elderly differences between regions and population groups, and factors that affect the sex-age structure.It also provides policy recommendations in order to meet the needs of a demographic change.

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State of World Population 2016 "10: How our future depends on a girl at this decisive age"

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Viet Nam’s rapid population ageing continues and is expected to accelerate in the future. In recent decades, Viet Nam has made exceptional advances in population health. Mortality and fertility rates have plummeted and life expectancy at birth rose to 70.6 years for men and 76.0 for women in 2014. Together, these trends have led to a greater fraction of the total population comprised by seniors (60 years and above). While in 1990 seniors made up 7.2 per cent of the population, they accounted for 10 per cent in 2011, which marked the country’s entrance into its socalled “ageing phase”.

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The study was undertaken by the Viet Nam Institute for Development Strategies (VIDS), the Ministry of Planning and nvestment (MPI) as part of the UNFPA-funded project “Support for the Implementation of the Viet Nam Statistical Development Strategy, 2011- 2020 and Utilisation of Population Information in Development Planning and Programming” for the MPI for the period of 2012-2016.

 

 

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