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Population projections are an important source of information for the process of planning and budgeting for socioeconomic development strategies at all levels and in all sectors in Viet Nam. This factsheet provides some key projections about the size and the structure of Viet Nam's population up to 2069, estimated based on the data from the 2019 Population and Housing Census, and assumptions of population change (e.g. fertility, mortality and migration) for the next 50 years. It also proposes policy recommendations for addressing future population changes.